Along with traditional nuclear businesses, Rosatom has been developing new ones in recent years (especially in non-nuclear productions), entering the new markets. According to Rosatom’s strategy, by 2030 the proceeds from new businesses should be 30% of the total proceeds. To solve this task, the work is done to assess promising areas for investing, to create conditions to use the nuclear companies’ potential and competences in full. In 2014, an increment of proceeds in new business areas was 59%, as compared to the previous year, and the orders portfolio has grown by 91%.